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|Mila del Sol|
Mila del Sol, Gawad Parangal night, 2010
|Born||Clarita Villarba Rivera
(1923-05-12) May 12, 1923 (age 94)
Tondo, Manila, Philippine Islands
|Occupation||Philippine actor entrepreneur philanthropist|
Clarita Villarba Rivera, better known by her screen name Mila del Sol (born May 12, 1923), is a Filipina actress, entrepreneur and philanthropist. Born in Tondo, Manila, she gained fame in her very first lead role in the 1939 film Giliw Ko. She was discovered by LVN Pictures President Doña Sisang de Leon, who insisted in casting her over the objections of the film's director, who felt she was too young for the part. It was the film's director, Carlos Vander Tolosa, who gave her the screen name Mila del Sol for "causing the sun (sol) to appear as if by miracle (milagro) over his otherwise overcast set whenever she was called in to do her scenes."
Film production shut down during the Japanese occupation and was restored only in 1945. Del Sol returned to LVN and starred in its production of Manuel Conde's Orasang Ginto, the first post-war Filipino film. She starred in other LVN films of the 1940s, including Ibong Adarna (1949) and Villa Hermosa.
Del Sol retired from films to raise a family in the 1950s, but staged a comeback in 1960 with two films released that year, Pakipot and Tatlong Magdalena. The following year, she starred in an international production, Espionage Far East, and later starred in a long-running television series. She began her career as an entrepreneur in 1964, and focused on philanthropic work from the 1970s onward.
In December 2014, the Congress of the Philippines passed Resolution No. 165, honoring Mila del Sol “for her contributions to the movie industry and to Philippine society in general”. The Resolution said in part that “Ms. Mila del Sol proved that poverty should not be a hindrance but an inspiration to improve one's status in life” and that “her businesses and various foundations that employ and extend benefits to those who are in need and have less in life are proofs of Ms. Mila del Sol's unwavering commitment to contribute to the improvement of Philippine society."
- Early life
- Career in Film & Television
- Business and philanthropy
- Selected filmography
- External links
Del Sol was born into poverty in Tondo, Manila at the Mary Johnston Hospital, in the free ward. Her father, Amado C. Rivera, worked at the internal revenue service during the day, and was a waiter at night. He served as a guerilla in the Philippines during World War II. Her mother, Lorenza Villarba, stayed at home to raise eight children.
Del Sol attended Malate Primary School, San Andres Elementary, and Intramuros Intermediate School. She could not go to high school, since she had to start working, at the age of 12. She later attended Hollywood High School in the 1950s, after the birth of her third child. She took some courses at Los Angeles City College and Ateneo de Manila University.
Career in Film & Television
Del Sol appeared in three films in 1938 (including Ang Maya opposite Fernando Poe, Sr.), but got her big break as a principal character in the 1939 classic Giliw Ko, for which she was honored by then Philippine President Manuel L. Quezon. This was the first movie of the storied film production company. She made twelve other films for LVN during this period, including Hali (1940), an early example of the Sarong genre, and Sawing Gantimpala (1940), which was based on a song written for del Sol by Aurora Quezon.
LVN stopped film production during World War II, when the Philippines was occupied by Japan. Del Sol volunteered for the Red Cross, and frequented Prisoner of War camps along with other "Blue Ladies" of the Philippine film industry. LVN's first post-war film, Orasang Ginto again starred del Sol. She made more than twenty other films during this period including Garrison 13 (1946), which recounted atrocities committed by the Imperial Japanese Army in the Philippines during the war.
Del Sol migrated to the United States, and lived there and in Europe for much of the 1950s. She returned to the Philippines in the 1960s, when she made two more films, and starred in the hit television series Problema Mo Na Yan. She continued her work as an actress well into her 80s, most recently as a lead in the television series Rosalka.
Actors and directors
Del Sol acted opposite all the male leads of her period, including Teddy Benavídez, Fred Cortes, Armando Goyena, Fernando Poe, Sr., José Padilla, Jr., Ely Ramos, Jaime de la Rosa, Rogelio de la Rosa, and Leopoldo Salcedo. She was directed by Lamberto V. Avellana, Emmanuel Borlaza, Manuel Conde, Ramon A. Estella, Gregorio Fernandes, Gerardo de León, José Nepomuceno, Vicente Salumbides, Manuel Silos, and Carlos Vander Tolosa.
- The Cinema's Living Treasure Citation, 1994, The Metropolitan Manila Authority and The Metro Manila Film Festival
- Nagtatanging Gawad Urian, 2013, Manunuri ng Pelikulang Pilipino
- House Resolution No. 165 Honoring Clarita Villarba Rivera, Also Known As Mila Del Sol, For Her Contributions To The Movie Industry That Enriched The Philippine Culture, And To Philippine Society In General, 2014, Philippine Congress
Business and philanthropy
In 1964, del Sol founded Superior Maintenance Services, which has employed over 100,000 people, and continues to be managed by her grandchildren. Del Sol chairs the Pagasa ng Kabataan Foundation, which provides scholarships to indigent youth, and affordable housing to the elderly, and the Mila del Sol & Eddie Romero Fund for Community Development, which supports nonprofits and non-governmental organizations focused on local improvement. Del Sol has also been an active member or officer of several philanthropic organizations, including Lion's Club, Mowelfund, the Philippine National Red Cross, and the Rotary Club.
Del Sol is the mother of Filipina actress and television host Jeanne Young, grandmother of actor Onemig Bondoc, Ira Cruz, and Philippine Congressman Gustavo Tambunting of Parañaque City.
- 1938 - Ang Maya
- 1938 - Hatol ng Mataas na Langit
- 1938 - Mariang Alimango (X'Otic)
- 1939 - Giliw Ko (LVN)
- 1940 - Hali (LVN)
- 1940 - Prinsesa ng Kumintang (LVN)
- 1940 - Sawing Gantimpala (LVN)
- 1940 - Maginoong Takas (LVN)
- 1940 - Nag-iisang Sangla (LVN)
- 1941 - Angelita (LVN)
- 1941 - Hiyas ng Dagat (LVN)
- 1941 - Rosalinda (LVN)
- 1941 - Villa Hermosa (LVN)
- 1941 - Ararong Ginto (LVN)
- 1941 - Ibong Adarna (LVN)
- 1942 - Caviteno (LVN)
- 1946 - Orasang Ginto (LVN)
- 1946 - Garrison 13 (LVN)
- 1946 - Alaala Kita (LVN)
- 1946 - Dalawang Daigdig (LVN)
- 1946 - Ang Prinsipeng Hindi Tumatawa (LVN)
- 1947 - Maling Akala (LVN)
- 1947 - Violeta (LVN)
- 1947 - Binatang Taring (LVN)
- 1947 - Isang Ngiti Mo Lamang (Eduque)
- 1947 - Romansa (LVN)
- 1947 - Sarungbanggi (LVN)
- ???? - Tatlong limbas (FPP)
- 1948 - Malaya (Mutya sa Gubat) (LVN)
- 1949 - Hiyas ng Pamilihan (LVN)
- 1949 - Kuba sa Quiapo (LVN)
- 1949 - Lupang Pangako (LVN)
- 1949 - Batalyong XIII (LVN)
- 1949 - Don Juan Teñoso (LVN)
- 1950 - Nuno sa Punso (LVN)
- 1950 - Dayang-Dayang (LVN)
- 1950 - In Despair (LVN)
- 1951 - Reyna Elena (LVN)
- 1951 - Anak ng Pulubi (LVN)
- 1952 - Romansa sa Nayon (LVN)
- 1952 - Haring Solomon at Reyna Sheba (LVN)
- 1957 - Escapade in Japan
- 1960 - Pakipot
- 1960 - Tatlong Magdalena
- 1961 - Espionage: Far East
- 1969 - Young Girl
- 1974 - Batya't Palu-palo
- 1989 - Kahat Wala Ka Na
- Danny Villanueva (1994). "Philippine Film". In Nicanor Tiongson. CCP Encyclopedia of Philippine Art. VIII (1st ed.). Manila: Cultural Center of the Philippines. p. 237. ISBN 971-8546-31-6.
- Paras, Wilhelmina (1998-12-04). "Return of a Golden Oldie: A regional film-restoration effort bears fruit". Asiaweek Magazine. Retrieved 2007-11-22.
- Francisco, Butch. "Mila del Sol: Hard life, beginnings, romances, hollywood days, the bright twilight years". Manunuri ng Pelikulang Pilipino.
- Protacio, Romy R. "Mila del Sol: Entrepreneur". Asian Journal.
- "HR 165". Philippine Congress.
- San Diego Jr., Bayani (29 Sep 2008). "Little Miss Sunshine". Philippine Daily Inquirer.
- "Mila del Sol, Urian lifetime awardee". Philippine Daily Inquirer. 13 Jun 2013.
- Carballo, Bibsy M. (December 2008). "Mila del Sol: Away from the Kleig Lights". Seniors Monthly. 12: 8.
|Born||Edgar Sinco Romero
(1924-07-07)July 7, 1924
Dumaguete, Philippine Islands
|Died||May 28, 2013(2013-05-28) (aged 88)
|Alma mater||Silliman University|
|Occupation||Film director, producer, screenwriter|
Romero was named National Artist of the Philippines in 2003, and his body of work delved into the history and politics of his country. His 1976 film Ganito Kami Noon…Paano Kayo Ngayon?, set at the turn of the 20th century during the revolution against the Spaniards and, later, the American colonizers, follows a naïve peasant through his leap of faith to become a member of an imagined community. Agila situated a family’s story against the backdrop of Filipino history, while Kamakalawa explored the folklore of prehistoric Philippines. Banta ng Kahapon, his "small" political film, was set against the turmoil of the late 1960s, tracing the connection of the underworld to the corrupt halls of politics. His 13-part series Noli Me Tangere brought Philippine national hero José Rizal's novel to a new generation of viewers.
Along with Filipino-language films, he made English-language films that became cult classics, like Black Mama, White Mama and The Twilight People and worked with American actors like John Ashley and Pam Grier. Romero's films, the National Artist citation stated, "are delivered in an utterly simple style – minimalist, but never empty, always calculated, precise and functional, but never predictable." Quentin Tarantino drew on Twilight People as an inspiration for his "grindhouse" homages.
Married to Carol Gonzalez, Romero was for a time the partner of actress Mila del Sol. He died of a blood clot and prostate cancer on May 28, 2013. He was survived by three children. Romero was an alumnus of Silliman University.
- Si, si, señorito (1947) (writer)
- Paloma, La (1947) (writer)
- Ang Kamay ng Diyos (1947) (director, writer)
- Kaaway ng bayan (1947) (writer)
- Hele hele bago quiere (1947) (writer)
- Sipag ay yaman (1949) (writer)
- Milagro ng birhen ng mga rosas (1949) (writer)
- Camelia (1949) (writer)
- Batalyon trece (1949) (writer)
- Sabas, ang barbaro (1952) (director)
- Buhay alamang (1952) (director, screenplay)
- Indio, El (1953) (director)
- May bakas ang lumipas (1954) (director)
- Man on the Run (1958) (director)
- The Scavengers (1959) (co-producer, writer)
- Pitong gabi sa Paris (1960) (director)
- Lost Battalion (1961) (director, writer)
- The Raiders of Leyte Gulf (1963) (director)
- Cavalry Command (1963) a.k.a. The Day of the Trumpet (director, writer)
- Intramuros (1964) a.k.a. The Walls of Hell (director, writer)
- Moro Witch Doctor (1964) (director, writer)
- The Ravagers (1965) a.k.a. Hanggang may kalaban (Philippines: Tagalog title) (director, writer)
- The Passionate Strangers (1966) (director, writer)
- Manila, Open City (1968) (director, writer)
- Brides of Blood (1968) (director)
- The Mad Doctor of Blood Island (1968) (director)
- Beast of the Yellow Night (1971) (director, writer)
- Beast of Blood (1971) a.k.a. Beast of the Dead (USA: TV title), a.k.a. Blood Devils (UK), a.k.a. Horrors of Blood Island, a.k.a. Return to the Horrors of Blood Island (director, writer)
- Black Mama, White Mama (1972) (director)
- The Twilight People (1972) a.k.a. Beasts, a.k.a. Island of the Twilight People (director, writer)
- The Woman Hunt (1973) (director)
- Beyond Atlantis (1973) (director)
- Savage Sisters (1974) (director)
- Ganito kami noon, paano kayo ngayon (1976) (director, screenplay)
- Sudden Death (1977) (director)
- Sinong kapiling? Sinong kasiping? (1977) (director, writer)
- Banta ng kahapon (1977) (director, writer)
- Agila (1979) (director, screenplay)
- Durugin si Totoy Bato (1979) (screenplay)
- Palaban (1980) (director)
- Kamakalawa (1981) (director, writer)
- Desire (1982) (director)
- Padrino, Ang (1985) (screenplay)
- Hari sa hari, lahi sa lahi (1987) a.k.a. King and Emperor (International: English title) (director, writer)
- A Case of Honor (1988) (director)
- Whiteforce (1988) (director)
- Faces of Love (2006) (director)
- Teach Me to Love (2008) (director)
Awards and nominations
||This article is incomplete. Please help to improve it, or discuss the issue on the talk page. (April 2014)|
|1976||Metro Manila Film Festival||Best Director||Ganito Kami Noon, Paano Kayo Ngayon||Won|
|Best Screenplay (with Roy Iglesias)||Won|
Pambansang Alagad ng Sining ng Pilipinas
|Theater and films|